Egypt

Following the Arab states’ (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar) trend of increased arms imports, Egypt increased remarkably (by 37%) its arms imports between the periods 2006-2010 and 2011-2015. In fact, following the military intervention in Yemen, this rise in military spending, was particularly noticeable in 2015.

National Defence is part of the collective services provided by the central government for the benefit of the local community. The Egyptian Armed Forces nowadays, consist of the Egyptian Army, Air Force, Navy and Air Defence Forces.

Following the Arab states’ (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar) trend of increased arms imports, Egypt increased remarkably (by 37%) its arms imports between the periods 2006-2010 and 2011-2015. In fact, following the military intervention in Yemen, this rise in military spending, was particularly noticeable in 2015.

More specifically, between 2011 and 2015, Egypt (with 9.5%) was the 3rd main importer of French international arms exports, following Morocco (16%) and China (13%).

According to the Sipri database, the military expenditure of Egypt almost doubled in the last decade (2005-2015), with predominant imports including Aircraft, Ships and Armoured vehicles.

Between 2014 and 2015, major deals for weaponry were signed with France, Germany and Russia. More specifically, in February 2015, Egypt signed a contract with France for the provision of 24 Rafale combat aircraft, and the procurement of the FREMM multi-mission frigate –that was delivered, along with the first 3 Rafale fighters, only within months after the deal was signed-, as well as various missiles. The overall deal was worth more than €5 billion.

Further in 2015, the US delivered 12 combat aircraft –F16-, while Germany was expected to deliver 4 submarines –Type 209- to the African country.

Under the pressure of the ‘unstable’ environment created by the conflicts in the area and as part of modernisation of its capabilities, Egypt has recently (2015-2016) agreed upon the procurement of various military equipment.  

Reports in the press reveal an agreement between Egypt and Russia’s RAC MiG, for the provision of 50 MiG-29M fighter jets. The first two aircraft are to be shipped by the end of 2016, while the overall delivery is projected to be completed by 2020.

Moreover, the longstanding partnership between Egypt and the US shipbuilder Swiftships, has been reaffirmed once more, with a sole-sourced contract in June 2016, for the procurement of four 28-metre long coastal patrol vessel kits; crafts that will be assembled in Alexandria and whose delivery will be completed by the end of 2017.

In addition, an INR300 million (US $4.5 million) worth contract between the Indian Zen Technologies and Egypt, for the provision of training and simulation equipment (namely the company’s smart target system, an electro-mechanical, software-based projectile detection and reporting system), has been agreed, in July of 2016.

Finally, in August 2016, Smiths Detection has been awarded contracts of €19 million, by Falcon Group (the main security supplier for Egypt), for the supply of advanced detection systems for passenger checkpoints, hold baggage and cargo screening in the airports across the country –as part of a national programme for strengthening security levels at local airports.