5G Communication Industry Insights, 2017-2020: CR/SDR, Small Cells, mmWave Radio, MIMO, and VLC

DUBLIN, April 8, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Roads to 5G Communications: Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.


The goal of this report is to address several current technologies (as well as their markets, applications, and other characteristics) that, according to the ITU classifications, are transitioning to the 5G communications era.

Though based on the industry insiders statistics, in 2019 market share of 4G networks was not more than 7%-12% on the global scale, the industry is already (2018-2020) supporting commercial 5G introduction in several market regions and applications.

This new radio access generation will be built on the existing infrastructure, which will be modernized and expanded with new technologies.

The 5G wireless communication system will be a converged system with multiple radio access technologies integrated together. It will be able to support a wide range of applications and services to comprehensively satisfy the requirements of the information society by the year 2020 and beyond.

From the technology perspective, 5G will be the continuous enhancement and evolution of the present radio access technologies, and also the development of novel radio access technologies to meet the increasing demand for the future. 5G can be characterized as data, connectivity and user experience.

There are two main views on 5G that exist today, which are frequently mixed together to form the basis of the 5G definition:

    --  View 1 - The hyper-connected vision: In this view, 5G is seen as a blend
        of existing technologies (2G, 3G, 4G, Wi-Fi, and others) that can
        deliver greater coverage and availability, higher network density in
        terms of cells and devices, and the ability to provide the connectivity
        that enables machine-to-machine (M2M) services and the Internet of
        Things (IoT).

    --  View 2 - Next-generation radio access technology: This perspective
        outlines 5G in generational' terms, setting specific targets that new
        radio interfaces must meet in terms of data rates (faster than 1Gbps
        downlink) and latency (less than 1ms delay).

The first view is connected with a gradual transition of 3G/4G (and other) technologies to the 5G era with appropriate enhancements and extensions. Some of such technologies are the subject of this report analysis.

In particular, the following technologies, their markets, industries, and applications are addressed in connection with their transition to 5G (they are being bundled under the title of 5G despite the fact that they are already being brought to market by vendors and deployed by operators):

CR/SDR - Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio

    --  Though the concept of CR/SDR is well known and the industry supports
        these techniques for a number of years, the 5G era will bring new
        requirements to network characteristics that can be easy to fulfill with
    --  The 5G Network of Networks needs further development of the CR/SDR
        concept responding to particulars of 5G and using the existing base of
        smart radios.

Small Cells

    --  It is expected that small cells will prevail in the 5G infrastructure
        due to advanced features that satisfy 5G requirements.

mmWave Radio

    --  mmWave Radio will play an important role in the 5G RANs, allowing us to
        explore the vast amount of free spectrum.


    --  Complex smart antenna systems such as MMIMO expected to be used

Visible Light Communication

    --  VLC open several important applications, which were difficult to utilize
        in other spectrum windows.

The report also addresses general requirements to 5G networking and surveys current 5G standardization activities. It also contains the author's survey of recently approved patents related to VLC and MIMO technologies.

The report intends for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of advanced wireless communications.

Key Topics Covered

1. Introduction
1.1 General - Basis
1.2 Planning Wireless Technologies: Generations
1.3 Goal
1.4 Structure
1.5 Research Methodology
1.6 Target Audience

2. Efforts
2.1 Organizations
2.2 5G Timetable and Major Tasks (3GPP-ITU)
2.2.1 3GPP Leadership
2.2.2 Requirements
2.2.3 3GPP Structure
2.2.4 5G RAN Development Operation above 6 GHz Coordination between RAN and SA Acceleration Leaders
2.3 5G Activity Survey
2.3.1 EU METIS 2020 5G PPP 5G Norma 5G Tango Phase 2
2.3.2 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Alliance NGMN and 5GAA 5G White Papers
2.3.3 5G Americas
2.3.4 GSMA
2.3.5 ITU
2.3.6 Major 5G Documents

3. Current Developments: 5G Technologies
3.1 Characteristics
3.2 Promising Directions
3.2.1 Requirements
3.2.2 Common Views Spectrum
3.2.3 Future - Starts Today
3.3 Issues
3.4 Use Cases
3.4.1 General -Characteristics
3.4.2 Mobile Broadband
3.4.3 Automotive
3.4.4 Smart Society

4. Software-Defined and Cognitive Radio -5G
4.1 Spectrum Utilization
4.2 Common Goal
4.3 Needs
4.4 Role
4.5 Purpose
4.6 Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)
4.6.1 CR Types
4.6.2 CR Process
4.7 Versatility
4.8 Organizations and Regulations
4.8.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position SDR Classifications CR Features
4.8.2 FCC Equipment Type Process Clarifications Application Guide
4.8.3 Object Management Group
4.8.4 ETSI
4.9 Decisions
4.10 CR/SDR Abilities
4.11 Elements
4.12 Commercial Use Cases
4.13 SDR in Military
4.13.1 SCA
4.14 CR/SDR: Applications Benefits
4.15 Impact
4.16 Differences
4.17 Market
4.17.1 Landscape
4.17.2 Trends
4.17.3 Cost
4.17.4 Different Perspective
4.17.5 Drivers
4.17.6 Market Forecast Model Assumptions Estimate
4.18 Industry

    --  Aeronix (SDR Components)
    --  AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    --  Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    --  Cisco (Radio)
    --  CRT (CR SW)
    --  DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    --  Etherstack (Software)
    --  Green Hills (Software)
    --  L3Harris (SDR)
    --  Huawei (Platform)
    --  NI (mmWave CR/SDR)
    --  Nokia (Base Station)
    --  Nutaq
    --  Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    --  SELEX ES (A Leonardo Company)
    --  Thales (Radio)
    --  TI (Chips)
    --  Wind River (Software)
    --  ZTE (Platforms)

4.19 5G: Needs CR/SDR

5. MIMO and 5G Communications
5.1 History
5.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
5.2.1 Major Techniques
5.3 Types of MIMO
5.4 5G - MIMO Specifics
5.4.1 MMIMO Definition
5.4.2 MMIMO Properties
5.5 MIMO Benefits
5.6 Industry

    --  Blue Danube
    --  Beecube (NI Company)
    --  Nutaq
    --  ZTE

6. mmWAVE Wi-Fi
6.1 Goal
6.2 General
6.3 60 GHz Band Spectrum Specifics
6.3.1 Frequencies Allocation FCC 60 GHz Band Extension
6.3.2 Oxygen Absorption
6.4 Antenna
6.5 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz
6.6 Combined Effect
6.7 Progress in Chip Technology
6.7.1 Challenges and Efforts
6.7.2 Modulation
6.7.3 Specifics Indoor Behavior
6.8 Summary
6.9 Prospectus: 60 GHz Wi-Fi
6.9.1 Benefits and Issues
6.9.2 WiGig Alliance Use Cases Union
6.9.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi 5G and 802.11ad 5G Spectrum Extension Status Coexistence Scope Channelization PHY MAC Specification Features Summary Extended 60 GHz Band
6.10 Industry

    --  Blu Wireless
    --  Intel
    --  Nitero (acquired by AMD in 2017)
    --  Qualcomm
    --  Peraso
    --  Samsung
    --  Tensorcom
    --  TP-Link

6.11 Market Considerations
6.11.1 Market Drivers
6.11.2 Usage Models
6.11.3 Market Estimate
6.12 IEEE P802.11ay
6.12.1 Purpose and Time Frame
6.12.2 Scope Channelization PHY Specifics
6.12.3 Industry

    --  Blu Wireless
    --  Qualcomm

7. Visible Light Communication - 5G Technology
7.1 General
7.1.1 Drivers
7.1.2 Industry Activity UC-Light Center Europe
7.2 VLC Standards Development
7.2.1 IEEE 802.15.7-2018 Standard Considerations Project Coexistence Essence Base Use Cases Physical Layer General Responsibilities Types Error Protection Rates Frequency Plan PHY Services Regulations MAC Layer Responsibilities Functionalities Channel Access Security
7.2.2 IEEE 802.15.13 Standard
3.2.3 IEEE 802.11bb Standard
7.2.4 VLCA General
7.2.5 Jeita
7.2.6 Li-Fi Consortium Optical Mobility Technology Li-Fi Network
7.2.7 ITU G.9991
7.3 VLC Channel Specifics
7.3.1 General
7.3.2 Communications Channel Structure
7.3.3 Transmitter
7.3.4 Receiver Image Sensors LED as Receiver
7.3.5 Major Characteristics General Modulation VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary Emerging Areas Limiting Factors
7.3.6 Major Challenges
7.4 Companies and Organizations

    --  Casio
    --  Firefly
    --  Fraunhofer IPMS
    --  LVX
    --  LightBee
    --  Nakagawa Laboratories
    --  NEC
    --  Oledcomm
    --  Outstanding Technology
    --  PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    --  Qualcomm
    --  Supreme Architecture

7.5 Market
7.6 5G View
7.6.1 Attocell
7.6.2 Cell Structures
7.7 Major Applications
7.7.1 Intelligent Transportation Systems Abilities Major Areas
7.7.2 Optical Wireless LAN
7.7.3 Healthcare
7.7.4 Localization
7.7.5 City-Wide Wireless Network
7.7.6 Underwater Communications
7.7.7 Summary

8. 5G and Small Cells Development
8.1 Rational
8.2 Nomenclature
8.2.1 Group
8.3 Background
8.4 Applications
8.4.1 Indoor Use Cases
8.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases
8.4.3 Public Safety Communications
8.4.4 Summary
8.5 Benefits and Issues
8.6 Small Cell Market
8.6.1 Market Geography
8.6.2 Estimate
8.7 Standardization
8.7.1 Organizations Small Cell Forum 3GPP First Standard Interfaces - 3GPP 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs Other
8.8 Small Cell Industry

    --  Airspan
    --  AirHop Communications
    --  Alpha Networks
    --  Argela
    --  Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    --  Cavium
    --  Cisco
    --  CommScope
    --  Contela
    --  Ericsson
    --  Fujitsu
    --  Huawei
    --  ip.access
    --  Intel
    --  Gilat
    --  Juni
    --  NEC
    --  Nokia
    --  Qualcomm
    --  Radisys
    --  Samsung
    --  Spider Cloud (Corning)
    --  Tektelic
    --  TI
    --  Xilinx
    --  ZTE

9. Conclusions

Attachment I: Patents Survey: LTE-MIMO (2017-2020)
Attachment II: VLC-Related Patents Survey (2017-2020)

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