Last Update October 19, 2016


  • C4I, Communication Systems
  • Counter-measures, Electronic Warfare and Decoys
  • Electrical, Electronics & Electro-optics
  • Engines, Propulsion, Power Generation
  • Radar, Sonar, Navigation, Targeting, Surveillance
  • Services (R&D, training, engineering, consultancy, …)
  • Training & Simulation
  • Weapons & Ammunition

Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd, designs, develops, manufactures and supplies a wide range of high-tech defense systems for air, land, sea and space applications for the Israeli Defense Forces and the defense establishment, as well as for foreign customers around the world. The company offers its customers a diversified array of innovative solutions at the leading edge of global technology, from underwater systems through naval, ground, and air superiority systems to space systems.
Rafael is the largest employer in Northern Israel with approximately 7,000 employees and numerous subcontractors and service suppliers.
Rafael is Israel’s second largest defense company, with 2015 sales of 2,018 Billion Dollars, an order backlog of 4,959 Billion Dollars and a net profit of 118 Million Dollars.

Qualitative Edge
Rafael was established in 1948 as Israel’s Defense Ministry national research and development laboratory. Initially, the company’s main focus was the development of missile technology. With the years, Rafael started developing advanced weapon systems for all the branches of the IDF. These systems are based on vast expertise, technological know-how, and a thorough understanding of the IDF’s specific operational requirements. Rafael’s solutions helped bolster the IDF’s qualitative advantage, and most of them have already been successfully used in the battlefield. In 2002 Rafael was incorporated into a state-owned company, with the vision of maintaining its technological capabilities and continuing wide-scale R&D programs. 

Partnerships and Cooperation
As part of its corporate culture of partnerships and cooperation, Rafael has created agreements with over 100 governmental, aviation, space and defense organizations in Israel and around the world. These programs allow Rafael and its partners to capitalize on mutual strengths and leverage existing capabilities.

Organizational Structure:
Rafael is divided into six divisions:

Air Superiority Systems – designs, develops and manufactures world-leading air defense and air-to-air systems. This division is responsible for the design and development of leading air defense and air-to-air systems such as: 
• David’s Sling: an air defense system designed to intercept medium range missiles. Developed in cooperation with Raytheon USA.
• Iron Dome: an air defense system for interception of short-medium range rockets (Kassams and Katyushas).
In addition, this division is also responsible for SPYDER, an air-defense system, based on Rafael’s advanced air-to-air Python-5 and Derby missiles, and for Barak – a naval point defense system.

Air and C4ISR Division – develops and manufactures a wide array of air and C4ISR systems for targeting and sensor-to-shooter missions, including electro-optic systems, communications and intelligence, as well as cyber systems. Some of the division’s products include Air-To-Ground Systems (SPICE - a precise standoff bomb with advanced target-detection and navigation capabilities), airborne Electro-Optical Systems for observation, navigation and targeting (Litening) and for real-time aerial reconnaissance (Reccelite), detection of light arms, ATGAM and RPG fire sources, for quick sensor-to-shooter engagement (Spotlite), Communications and Intelligence and Cyber. The division is also responsible for the “Sparrow” family of missiles, for simulation of ballistic trajectories of targets. Other division solutions include advanced communications systems such as BNET (Software Defined Radio), TACMAX, and the Imilite intelligence data exploitation and processing system.

Land Systems Division – designs, develops and manufactures land, naval and underwater systems. These systems include the Spike family of electro-optical, precision-guided, tactical missiles launched from the air, ground and sea, Remote-Controlled Weapon Stations for ground and naval applications, Passive and Reactive armor for armored vehicles (such as the Bradley and the AAV7), the Trophy APS family (already installed and combat-proven on the Merkava-4 MBTs), shoulder-launched systems (Matador), the Protector USV, and others.
This division acts as the integrator of Rafael’s SIS (Security Integrated Systems) solutions for the protection of critical and strategic assets on land and at sea. 

Manor and Technologies – develops rocket motors, warheads and pyrotechnics, and naval decoys. Manor also develops space propulsion systems, already in use on the Israeli OFEQ and EROS satellites, as well as on the French Proteus and Myriade, and has also developed the rocket motor for the “Arrow” anti-ballistic missile.

R&D and Engineering Division – amalgamates Rafael’s entire R&D activity, with advanced knowledge and capabilities in a variety of fields, including image processing, mechanics, electronics, software, aeronautical and micro electronics, and more. Each year Rafael invests over 8% of its sales in R&D.

Ordnance and National Infrastructure Division – manages national development centers and infrastructure, including the national test-range, the Center for Military Research, and the Center for EW Simulation.

RDC (RAFAEL Development Corporation)
RDC is a business development company privately owned by ELRON and Rafael. 
RDC’s mission is to generate new businesses by applying the core technologies of Rafael and offering innovative solutions to fast growing commercial markets. 
Some of RDC’s most famous investments include Given Imaging (NASDAQ: GIVN), which developed and manufactures diagnostic products for visualization and detection of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract,  Medingo, which develops a semi-disposable insulin patch pump, and others.

Community Involvement
Rafael’s employees volunteer in a wide variety of community activities. These activities include after-school enrichment lessons for excelling science and technology students, design of special accessories for the mentally and physically challenged, tutorials for weaker students, and many more.

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Litening – Airborne Targeting Pod

Litening Airborne Day/Night Navigation & Targeting Pod provides precision strike capability to every fighter aircraft.
• Reduced pilot workload during targeting and tracking
• High accuracy and reliability
• Reduced operational limitations
• Simple maintenance and support
• Low life cycle cost
• Growth potential
• Upgrades existing aircraft with multi-mission capabilities
• Adaptable to most aircraft
• Detection, recognition, identification and laser designation of air-to-surface and maritime targets
• Accurate delivery of laser guided munitions, cluster and general purpose weapons
• Laser spot detection and tracking
• Identification of aerial targets from the Beyond Visual Range (BVR)
• Long range data and video down-link option

Python 5 – Full Sphere air-to-air IR missile

Python 5 is a fifth generation air-to-air missile and the latest member of the Python family. The missile provides the pilot engaging an enemy aircraft with a revolutionary full sphere launch capability. Python 5 can be launched from a very short range to beyond visual range with greater probability of kill and excellent resistance to countermeasures. The missile is also offered in an air defense configuration.
• Full sphere launch envelope from very short to beyond visual ranges
• Excellent acquisition and tracking performance
• Target Lock-On-Before and After Launch capability
• Excellent resistance to countermeasures
• Greater probability of kill

SPYDER ADS-SR - Short Range Air Defense System

SPYDER is a quick reaction, low level surface-to-air missile system designed to effectively counter attacks by aircraft, helicopters UAVs and precision guided munitions. The system provides excellent protection of valuable assets, as well as first-class defense for forces located in the combat area. The SPYDER system incorporates RAFAEL's most advanced, proven performance air-to-air missiles – the Derby active radar (RF) missile and Python 5, a dual waveband Imaging Infra Red (IIR) missile. SPYDER missiles have full commonality with the air-to-air missile version.

System's Main Features
• Full commonality with RAFAEL's air/air missile
• Effective against low altitude air threats
• Short and medium range performance
• Fire and forget or fire and update capability
• Multiple target and cluster target engagements
• Mobility in difficult terrain

SPYDER ADS-MR - Medium Range Air Defense Missile System

The SPYDER-MR system is a Medium Range Air Defense Missile System (MRADMS) designed to engage and destroy a wide spectrum of threats, such as attack aircraft bombers, curise missiles, UAVs, UCAVs and stand-off weapons.
The SPYDER-MR Air Defense System (ADS) ensures protection of high value assets as well as maneuvering combat forces. The system is an all-weather, network-centric, self-propelled, multi-launch, quick-reaction ADS. Vertical launch SPYDER-MR enables 360 degree missile launching, within 2 seconds of the target being declared hostile by the system.
SPYDER-MR ADS incorporates RAFAEL's most advanced missiles – the Derby, an active radar Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missile and the Python 5, a sophisticated dual band Imaging Infra Red (IIR) missile.  Both missiles are equipped with a booster.
• Engages and destroys a wide spectrum of hostile targets
• Maximum intercept range is over 35 km and an altitude of 16 km
• Protects a large area
• Quick response
• Flexible deployment and operation
• High lethality
• Survivability
• High reliability
• Mobility
• Simple and continuous operation
• Interoperability with SPYDER-SR or other ADS

SPIKE - Family of Multi-Purpose, Tactical Missiles

The Spike Family consists of missiles suited for several platforms, multiple ranges and a variety of targets. The missiles in this family have sophisticated electro-optic CCD or IR sensors for operation day and night and in adverse weather conditions and a tandem warhead. Their lofted trajectories enable the warhead to hit the target at its most vulnerable part with pinpoint precision. All of the Spike Family members have a low Life Cycle Cost, due to high reliability and operational, logistic support and production commonality between members.

The Spike family is comprised of the following missile types:
• SPIKE-MR (Gill) - Max. Range: 2,500m  - Application: Infantry and Special Forces
• SPIKE-LR  - Max. Range: 4,000m - Application: Infantry, Light Combat Vehicles
• SPIKE-ER (NTD) - Max. Range: 8,000m - Application: Infantry, LCV, Helicopters

The SPIKE-ER is a stand-alone anti-armor weapon system that is designed for mounting on various platforms, including helicopters, fast boats and combat vehicles. It can also be dismounted to a ground position and fitted onto a tripod. The compact system includes the SPIKE-ER missile in its canister, the Command Launch Unit (CLU), a thermal sight and the SPIKE-ER launcher.

RAVNET-300 - Airborne Voice & Data Radio Network

RAFAEL's RAVNET-300 VHF/UHF airborne tactical radio network is a highly integrated voice and data network, supporting advanced airborne combat operations. The RAVNET-300 is a multi-band, multifunction jam-resistant communication system designed to provide instantaneous high quality voice and high capacity data communication between aircraft (A/A) and ground terminals (A/G). RAVNET-300 is the most advanced communication system available today on the market.

• Advanced multimode UHF and VHF analog AM/FM and digital radio, with backward compatibility to existing radio systems
• Advanced ad-hoc networking and automatic relay
• Strong Forward Error Correction (FEC)
• Very high voice quality in all modes of operation
• Very high voice and data availability due to automatic relay, overcoming terrain communications obstacles (ideal for low flying platforms such as helicopters and transport aircraft)
• Multiple voice interfaces support including: standard analog or E1, G.711 or compressed voice, H323/SIP VoIP standards
• Support for avionics and non-avionics aircraft via Mil-Standard 1553B data bus interfaces or dedicated control box
• High commonality - same transceiver is used for airborne and ground terminals
• High MTBF

SKY SHIELD - Airborne Support Jammer

Rafael's Sky Shield provides an all-inclusive multi-purpose support jamming system. Sky Shield engages enemy radars in hostile environments providing comprehensive countermeasures against enemy threats. The system creates a safe corridor for multiple attacking aircraft, increasing aircraft survivability in time and attack options. Support jamming enables Sky Shield to greatly improve mission effectiveness and survivability.
Utilizing modern technologies Sky Shield provides a powerful system in a compact configuration, packed in a certified pod suitable for most fighter aircraft in service today. The system can operate autonomously, and automatically detecting, collecting, measuring, identifying and engaging radar emitters.

The system features:
• Proven SEAD system
• Effective EW shield against a wide range of enemy threats
• Coverage of wide range of modern techniques
• High ERP
• System installed in a certified pod
• Compatible with many aircraft types

SAMSON RWS Family - Remote Weapon Stations for Armored Vehicles

RAFAEL's Samson Family of modular remote weapon stations support various types of small and medium caliber machine guns including 5.56/7.62/12.7 mm machine guns, 40 mm automatic grenade launchers, anti-tank missiles and observation pods. They are mounted on a large variety of vehicles with no deck penetration.

Samson RWS 30 remote weapon station mounting medium caliber automatic cannons offers a unique combination of lethality and maximum crew survivability. Suitable for most light armored, high mobility vehicles, RCWS 30 allows under-the-deck operation from any position (gunner and/or commander) without occupying space inside the vehicle.

Main Features:
• Foldable for air transport (RWS 30 - patent pending)
• Stabilized for firing on the move
• Day and night operation
• Optical auto-tracker
• Full solution fire control
• Slaving to any external director
• Operation redundancy (gunner and/or commander)
• Hull armor protection for the gunner
• Built-in test

ASPRO-H Hybrid Armor - Hybrid Add-On Armor Systems

RAFAEL's Armor product line develops, designs, manufactures, provides and installs armor kits for a wide variety of vehicles including MBTs, APCs and light vehicles.

ASPRO-H Add-on Reactive Armor
• Enhanced protection against anti-tank shaped charge warheads
• Modular add-on armor
• Full compliance with safety standards
• Minimal effect on vehicle maneuverability
• Lightweight
• Easy to handle and maintain by field crews
• Operational in extreme temperatures

ASPRO-P Passive Armor - Passive Add-On Armor Systems

Rafael's Armor product line develops, designs, manufactures, provides and installs armor kits for a wide variety of vehicles including MBTs, APCs and light vehicles.

ASPRO-P Add-on Passive Armor
• Enhanced protection against projectiles and artillery fragments
• Modular add-on armor
• Minimal effect on vehicle manoeuvrability
• Lightweight
• Easy to handle and maintain by field crews
• Operational in extreme temperatures

Trophy - Active Protection System for AFVs

The ASPRO-A (Trophy) active protection system system rapidly detects and tracks any anti-tank threat, classifies it, estimates the optimal intercept point in space and finally neutralizes it away from the platform using a countermeasure.

The threat detection and warning subsystem consists of several sensors, including search radar with four flat-panel antennas, located around the protected vehicle, to provide full hemispherical coverage. The neutralization process will take place only if the threat is about to hit the platform.

System's Features
• Neutralization of all known Anti-Tank-Rockets (ATRs), Anti-Tank-Missiles (ATGMs)
• Full performance on AFV in motion
• Full performance against short range threats
• Full performance in close and urban terrain
• Full performance under all weather conditions
• Engagement of several threats from each direction, arriving simultaneously
• Reduced vehicle weight
• Easy integration on to light as well as heavy platforms

PROTECTOR - Unmanned Naval Patrol Vehicle

The Protector is an integrated naval combat system, based on unmanned, autonomous, remotely controlled surface vehicles. Highly maneuverable and stealthy, the Protector can conduct a wide spectrum of critical missions, without exposing personnel and capital assets to unnecessary risk.

The Protector's anti-terror mission module payload includes sensors and weapon systems. The search radar and the Toplite electro-optical (EO) pod enable detection, identification and targeting operations. The weapon systems are based on Rafael's Typhoon remote-controlled, stabilized weapon station, capable of operating various small caliber guns. The highly accurate, stabilized weapon station has excellent hit-and-kill probability.

Protector is mission reconfigurable through its plug-and-play design, allowing utilization of various mission modules:
• Anti-terror Force Protection (AT/FP)
• Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)
• Naval warfare: ASW, MIW, MCM, ASUW, EW
• Maritime, Port Security

Features and Benefits:
• Unmanned, highly autonomous, remote controlled
• Stealthy, highly manoeuvrable
• Reconfigurable mission modules

MATADOR (RGW-90) AS - Shoulder Launched Anti-Structure Munition

Rafael has developed a man-portable, shoulder launched multi target weapon specially adapted to MOUT (Military Operation in Urban Terrain). It is fully disposable, cost effective, low maintenance weapon.

Matador (RGW-90) AS incorporates an advanced tandem warhead concept which makes it highly effective against structures, fortified positions, and light armor vehicles. It can operate in two modes: emplacement against structures and fortified positions and mouse holing against walls and light armor vehicles.

Main features:
• Engagement range: 14 m to 500 m
• Can be launched from enclosed spaces
• Highly accurate
• Weight 10 Kg
• Length: 1 m
• Ergonomic
• Insensitive Munition (IM)
• Requires minimum training

MATADOR (RGW-90) WB - Wall Breaching Stand-Off Munition

Rafael developed a cost effective, low maintenance weapon system that is specially adapted to MOUT (Military Operation in Urban Terrain) and to special operations, where fast breaching and the element of surprise are essential.

The Matador (RGW-90) WB is a direct fire, single shot, short range, man-portable,shoulder-launched, FFE capable, fire-and-forget, anti-material, ballistic assault weapon system intended for use at ranges from 20 to 120 meters.

The Matador (RGW-90) WB is effective against single, double and triple brick walls to create man-size holes for a mobility corridor.

Main features:
• Generates a "man-size" hole in variety of walls
• Military operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) and counter terrorist
• Effective range: 20 to 120 meters
• Can be launched from confined spaces
• Ergonomic
• Maintenance free, disposable munition
• Insensitive munition (IM)
• Requires minimum training
• Based on innovative new patented EFR (Explosively Formed Ring) warhead type


RAFAEL specializes in the development, manufacturing and support of a vast range of aerospace systems and technologies, including unmanned aerial vehicles, missiles and weapons, electronic warfare and self-protection, reconnaissance and intelligence collection, as well as processing systems, analysis, and dissemination tools, airborne data-links, communications command and control, and much more...

Fields of Activity
• Air Defense Systems
• Air to Air Missiles
• Air to Surface Missiles
• Electronic Warfare
• Tactical Precision Guided Weapons

Land Combat Systems

RAFAEL specializes in current and future land combat systems. In addition to the traditional battlefield, RAFAEL's land combat systems are optimal for urban warfare, answering the needs for today's conflicts and anticipating the requirements for tomorrow's front line.

These systems include: mobile reconnaissance, high precision multi-purpose missiles and launchers, tactical C4I, Fuel-Air Explosive (FAE) minefield clearing, active (soft- and hard-kill) protection solutions, remote control weapon stations, acoustic and electro-optical firearms detection and passive and reactive armor for MBTs, AFVs and LAVs.

RAFAEL offers quick solutions for urgent and classified requirements, such as innovative detection and neutralization of Improvised Explosive Devices, closed-loop Sensor-to-Shooter systems and integrated weapon/platform C4I.

Missile Systems

RAFAEL has developed missile systems for the past 50 years, and has established comprehensive know-how in systems application and missile technologies, related to air-to-air, air-to-surface, surface-to-air, naval and anti-tank/multi-purpose missiles.

RAFAEL offers precision guided weapons for such applications, based on the unique design capabilities, and advanced in-house research, development and production including materials, (propulsion, energetic materials, composites etc), electro-optics, signal processing and electronics.

• Short Range Air Defense System - SPYDER-SR ADS
• Medium Range Air Defense Missile System - SPYDER-MR ADS
• Defense Against Short Range Artillery Rockets - Iron Dome
• Terminal Missile Defense Interceptor - STUNNER(David's Sling)
• Long Range Multi-Purpose Tactical Missile - SPIKE LR
• Medium Range Multi-Purpose Tactical Missile - SPIKE MR
• Extended Range Multi-Purpose Missile - SPIKE ER
• Spike NLOS Electro Optic Guided Missile - SPIKE NLOS
• Family of Multi-Purpose, Tactical Missiles - SPIKE
• Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile - DERBY
• Full Sphere IR Air-to-Air Missile - PYTHON-5
• Precision Weapon Guidance Kit - SPICE
• Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile - POPEYE
• Family of Surrogate Ballistic Targets - Sparrow
• 2nd Generation Medium Range Ballistic Target - Blue Sparrow

Naval Systems

RAFAEL's naval systems are designed for both surface and the sub-surface environments, as well as for divers and underwater security. Comprehensive combat suits are available for ships of all sizes, and include weapon systems, sensors and command and control facilities. RAFAEL's defensive system suits include various types of decoys, ECM as well as hard-kill measures and torpedo countermeasures for surface ships and submarines.

Fields of Activity
• Self Defense
• Countermeasures
• Underwater Systems
• Multi-Purpose USV

Space Systems

RAFAEL’s space activities are focused on space propulsion, composite materials, micro-satellite technologies and airborne launchers.

RAFAEL has gained extensive experience in developing, qualifying and producing controllable propulsion and reaction control systems (RCS), based on hot gas (solid rocket motors and hydrazine thrusters), cold gas (mainly nitrogen) and electric propulsion (based on Hall Effect Thrusters) for space applications.

RAFAEL has presently in-orbit propulsion modules in over thirty satellites. Rafael complete propulsion modules are on board the OFEQ, EROS and TecSAR satellites while Rafael’s positive-expulsion propellant tanks are on board Proteus, Galileo-GIOVE-B, Spirale, Prisma, Myriad/Astrosat-100 and other satellites. Rafael supplies the propellant tanks and Hydrazine thrusters for the Galileo IOV, Globalstar-2 and O3B constellations, GMES Sentinel-1 and other satellites.

The European Space Association (ESA) has chosen RAFAEL space propulsion products for Hershel & Plank, Galileo-IOV, Sentinel-1, EXOMARS and the IXV spacecrafts.

RAFAEL’s Electric Propulsion system is integrated in the Venµs satellite that hosts two propulsion systems (hydrazine and electrical).

Fields of Activity
• Space Propulsion
• Microsatellites
• Space Composite Structures


RAFAEL supports its comprehensive  product range with a wide range of components and subsystems developed and produced by the company's advanced technology production centers. The company offers a broad range of electromagnetic and RF and microwave subsystems, subsystems produced of advanced materials, exotic optical components, as well as propulsion systems and other applications based on energetic materials.

Fields of Activity
• Electro-optics
• Materials
• Testing
• Missile Technology
• Training & Simulation

• Advanced Composite Structures

Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.

  • P.O. Box 2250, 31021, Haifa, Israel
  • +972 4 879 4714 
  • +972 4 879 4657 
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